Camera Shots with Different Length Lenses – RESEARCH
Camera Shots with Different Length Lenses
I HAVE READ THROUGH THIS AND TO PROVE THAT I HAVE READ IT FOR THE PURPOSE OF MY RESEARCH, I HAVE HIGHLIGHTED IMPORTANT PARTS THAT I FOUND MIGHT BE EFFECTIVE DURING MY FILM.
In general, six different categories are used for reference: extreme long shot, long shot, medium long shot, medium shot, close-up and extreme close up/detail. Determining the length of a shot helps those people involved in the shooting to communicate and to describe at what distance the camera should follow the action. Which length of shot is chosen depends on what the film-maker wants to say, what s/he thinks is important and what is not, whether distance or closeness should be created.
Extreme Long Shot
This shot covers the entire scenery in one frame, e.g. a view of a town or of a court of law. It allows the viewers to orientate themselves geographically, spatially and emotionally and is therefore frequently used at the beginning of a sequence. On a relatively small television screen, however, extreme long shots do not have the same impressive effect as on a cinema screen and hence should be used sparingly.
Long shots are better suited as a means of orientation on the TV screen. They show large sections of the whole scene, e.g. a street with people in it. Human figures can be shown from head to foot in their surroundings and the viewer can follow their actions.
Medium Long Shot
In medium long shots a person or groups of people can be seen from the knees up. They are also referred to as ‘American’ shots because they are frequently used in Westerns. The hero is shown from revolver to hat, the surroundings are identifiable but often somewhat blurred so as to put the emphasis on the actions of the main figure.
People are shown from about the waist up. The purpose of this length is to direct the viewers’ attention to a particular spot, or to focus their attention. It is a popular shot length for reporters making their statements to the camera.
Close-ups show the head and neck, the image fills the screen. The emotional effect of a close-up is strong and the small format of a TV screen is particularly suited to this kind of shot. The camera concentrates on particulars which would otherwise hardly be noticed.
Extreme-close up / Detail
In extreme close-up the frame is filled with just part of the face, the eyes or mouth, for example, creating a very intense visual effect. This type of shot can also be used to show particular technical details of a machine or a process which we would not normally see.
Authors: Robert Lambrecht and Berti Schwarz. © Robert Lambrecht and Berti Schwarz.
USING THIS RESEARCH i HAVE LEARNT HOW TO TAKE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SHOTS FOR THE 2 MINUTE FILM AND LONG SHOTS FOR MY 1 MINUTE FILM.